PRIZE QUESTIONS

Be the first person to answer these questions correctly & completely and win the prizes right away!

All you have to do is study the questions carefully, use the sources (if any!), research and submit your findings to info@sgolshan.com. Good luck!

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Undefined Words in OALD - 50$

(Undefined Words in OALD)

What is the Prize & what is the Research Question?

For $50 & a copy of the latest OALD;

Which words in Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (OALD) 9th/10th edition are given no definitions but listed for the idiom(s) and/or phrasal verb(s) they are used in? How long is a full list of these words in OALD?

 

What do you mean? Can you explain more?

There are entries in OALD with no definitions. So why are they listed? Because they are used in an idiom and/or phrasal verb. Let’s take a look at two examples;

The first one is “figment”.

As you can see, the word “figment” has no definition in OALD but it is in the dictionary for the idiom “a figment of somebody’s imagination” in which it is used.

Now let’s take “peter”:

The same happens to “peter”; OALD provides no definition for the word “peter” but give it an entry for the phrasal verb “peter out” in which it is used. Now the prize research is “How many of such words exist in OALD and what are they?”

 

Where should I look? What are the references?

This research question is limited to these references:

Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, 9th or 10th edition

www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com

To provide a comprehensive list of all undefined words in OALD, please search only these two sources for this prize question.

 

What is expected to be accomplished and submitted?

The contestants are required to make a complete list of all the words that have no definitions in OALD and write the respective idiom(s) and/or phrasal verb(s) provided by OALD. The prize of $50 & a copy of the latest OALD will go to one of the participants that before all submit ALL these words in OALD (with zero cases left out). The words are to be typed with their respective idiom(s) and/or phrasal verb(s) given by OALD.

 

Where should I send my findings?

To enter the contest, the participants are to submit their findings to info@sgolshan.com. The first person who succeeds in sending the complete list (as instructed above) will win the prize of $50 & a copy of the latest OALD.

Undefined Words in LDOCE - 50$

(Undefined Words in LDOCE)

What is the Prize & what is the Research Question?

For $50 & a copy of the latest LDOCE;

Which words in Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (LDOCE) 6th/7th edition are given no definitions but listed for the idiom(s) and/or phrasal verb(s) they are used in? How long is a full list of these words in LDOCE?

 

What do you mean? Can you explain more?

There are entries in LDOCE with no definitions. So why are they listed? Because they are used in an idiom and/or phrasal verb. Let’s take a look at two examples;

The first one is “figment”.

As you can see, the word “figment” has no definition in LDOCE but it is in the dictionary for the idiom “a figment of somebody’s imagination” in which it is used.

Now let’s take “peter”:

The same happens to “peter”; LDOCE provides no definition for the word “peter” but give it an entry for the phrasal verb “peter out” in which it is used. Now the prize research is “How many of such words exist in LDOCE and what are they?”

 

Where should I look? What are the references?

This research question is limited to these references:

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (LDOCE) 6th or 7th edition

www.ldoceonline.com

To provide a comprehensive list of all undefined words in LDOCE, please search only these two sources for this prize question.

 

What is expected to be accomplished and submitted?

The contestants are required to make a complete list of all the words that have no definitions in LDOCE and write the respective idiom(s) and/or phrasal verb(s) provided by LDOCE. The prize of $50 & a copy of the latest LDOCE will go to one of the participants that before all submit ALL these words in LDOCE (with zero cases left out). The words are to be typed with their respective idiom(s) and/or phrasal verb(s) given by LDOCE.

 

Where should I send my findings?

To enter the contest, the participants are to submit their findings to info@sgolshan.com. The first person who succeeds in sending the complete list (as instructed above) will win the prize of $50 & a copy of the latest LDOCE.

Phrasal Verbs Ending in TO - 100$

(Phrasal Verbs Ending in TO)

What is the Prize & what is the Research Question?

For $100;

Can you find 20 phrasal verbs in the English language which end in “to” with no objects after the ‘to’?

 

What do you mean? Can you explain more?

There are phrasal verbs in English which end in “to” and take no objects after that ‘to’. Take ‘set to’ from Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English:

 

As you see there is no object after “set to” here.

Or “come to” from Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary:

 

Now the prize research is, Can you find 20 such phrasal verbs ending in ‘to’ with no objects after the ‘to’?

 

Where should I look? What are the references?

This research question is not limited to any particular references. Any standard dictionary, lexicon, or wordbook can be a reference. As long as you can prove that the phrasal verb exists somewhere reliable, it will do. Do not limit yourselves to Learner’s dictionaries; any reference counts.

 

What is expected to be accomplished and submitted?

The contestants are required to make a list of 20 phrasal verbs ending in ‘to’ with no objects after that. The list is expected to provide a clear definition & an example for each of the 20 phrasal verbs along with a reliable reference for both. The prize of $100 will go to one of the participants that before all submit at least 20 such phrasal verbs. The phrasal verbs are to be typed with their respective definitions & examples.

 

Where should I send my findings?

To enter the contest, the participants are to submit their findings to info@sgolshan.com. The first person who succeeds in sending the complete list (as instructed above) will win the prize of $100.

Negative Prefixes like ig- - 20$

(Negative Prefixes like ig-)

What is the Prize & what is the Research Question?

For $20;

Can you find another negative prefix starting with “i” other than in-, il-, im-, ir-, & i(g)-?

 

What do you mean? Can you explain more?

“In-” is a negative prefix in English meaning ‘not’ as in “inconclusive”. There are 4 other negative prefixes which have two letters & start with the letter i. These four (il-, im-, ir-, & ig-) are considered variants of in-. They mean the same as in- but applied based on the next letter for easier pronunciation; usually il- before l (e.g. illogical), im- before b, m, or p (e.g. imbalance, immoral, impractical), ir- before r (e.g. irregular), and ig- before a few words (e.g. ignoble). Now the prize research is, Can you find a fifth variant of “in-” other than il-, im-, ir-, & i(g)-?

 

Where should I look? What are the references?

This research question is not limited to any particular references. Any standard dictionary, lexicon, or wordbook can be a reference. As long as you can prove that another 2-letter negative prefix starting with ‘i’ exists somewhere reliable, it will do. Do not limit yourselves to Learner’s dictionaries; any reference counts.

 

What is expected to be accomplished and submitted?

The contestants are required to find one other negative prefix like in-, il-, im-, ir-, & ig- along with a word to which it is added. The prize of $20 will go to one of the participants that before all submit at least one prefix as described above. The prefix is to be typed with some example(s).

 

Where should I send my findings?

To enter the contest, the participants are to submit their findings to info@sgolshan.com. The first person who succeeds in sending the correct finding (as instructed above) will win the prize of $20.

Verbs + of in OALD - 50$

(Verbs + of in OALD)

What is the Prize & what is the Research Question?

For $50 & a copy of the latest OALD;

Which verbs take “of” according to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (OALD) 9th/10th edition? How long is a full list of these verbs in OALD?

 

What do you mean? Can you explain more?

There are verbs listed in OALD taking of, including conceive of, (dis)approve of, & dispose of. These verbs seem to need no “of” (to the ears of non-native English speakers). Now the prize research is “How many of such verbs exist in OALD and what are they?”

 

Where should I look? What are the references?

This research question is limited to these references:

Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, 9th or 10th edition

www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com

To provide a comprehensive list of all “verbs + of” in OALD, please search only these two sources for this prize question.

 

What is expected to be accomplished and submitted?

The contestants are required to make a complete list of all the verbs that take of and write the respective example(s) provided by OALD. The prize of $50 & a copy of the latest OALD will go to one of the participants that before others submit ALL these verbs in OALD (with zero cases left out). The verbs are to be typed with their respective examples given by OALD.

 

Where should I send my findings?

To enter the contest, the participants are to submit their findings to info@sgolshan.com. The first person who succeeds in sending the complete list (as instructed above) will win the prize of $50 & a copy of the latest OALD.

Verbs + of in LDOCE - 50$

(Verbs + of in LDOCE)

What is the Prize & what is the Research Question?

For $50 & a copy of the latest LDOCE;

Which verbs take “of” according to Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (LDOCE) 6th/7th edition? How long is a full list of these verbs in LDOCE?

 

What do you mean? Can you explain more?

There are verbs listed in LDOCE taking of, including conceive of, (dis)approve of, & dispose of. These verbs seem to need no “of” (to the ears of non-native English speakers). Now the prize research is “How many of such verbs exist in LDOCE and what are they?”

 

Where should I look? What are the references?

This research question is limited to these references:

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (LDOCE) 6th or 7th edition

www.ldoceonline.com

To provide a comprehensive list of all “verbs + of” in OALD/LDOCE, please search only these two sources for this prize question.

 

What is expected to be accomplished and submitted?

The contestants are required to make a complete list of all the verbs that take of and write the respective example(s) provided by LDOCE. The prize of $50 & a copy of the latest LDOCE will go to one of the participants that before others submit ALL these verbs in LDOCE (with zero cases left out). The verbs are to be typed with their respective examples given by LDOCE.

 

Where should I send my findings?

To enter the contest, the participants are to submit their findings to info@sgolshan.com. The first person who succeeds in sending the complete list (as instructed above) will win the prize of $50 & a copy of the latest LDOCE.

ALL Irregular Verbs in English - 20$

(ALL Irregular Verbs in English)

What is the Prize & what is the Research Question?

For $20 and a copy of the latest Practical English Usage;

Can you find 600 irregular verbs in the English language?

 

What do you mean? Can you explain more?

We already know that there are over 570 irregular verbs in English. Some 370 of these are used in modern English and the rest are rare and antiquated forms. Now the prize research is, Can you come up with a list of at least 600 irregular verbs?

 

Where should I look? What are the references?

This research question is not limited to any particular references. Any standard dictionary, lexicon, or wordbook can be a reference. As long as you can prove that the irregular verb exists somewhere reliable, it will do. Do not limit yourselves to Learner’s dictionaries; any reference counts.

 

What is expected to be accomplished and submitted?

The contestants are required to make a full list of at least 600 irregular verbs. The list is expected to provide the verb, along with its simple past form(s) and past participle(s) and the reliable refrence where this verb is listed. The prize of $20 and a copy of the latest Practical English Usage will go to one of the participants that before all submit at least 600 English irregular verbs. The irregular verbs are to be typed with their respective irregular forms.

 

Where should I send my findings?

To enter the contest, the participants are to submit their findings to info@sgolshan.com. The first person who succeeds in sending the complete list (as instructed above) will win the prize of $20 and a copy of the latest Practical English Usage.

25 Irregular Verbs with Some Letters - 50$

(25 Irregular Verbs with Some Letters)

What is the Prize & what is the Research Question?

For $50 and a copy of the latest Practical English Usage;

Can you find 25 irregular verbs in the English language starting with one of the letters A, E, J, K, N, Q, V, X, Y, Z?

 

What do you mean? Can you explain more?

We already know that there are over 570 irregular verbs in English. Over a dozen of these start with one of the letters A, E, J, K, N, Q, V, X, Y, Z. Now the prize research is, Can you come up with a list of at least 25 irregular verbs (in American & British English) that start with one of these letters above?

 

Where should I look? What are the references?

This research question is not limited to any particular references. Any standard dictionary, lexicon, or wordbook can be a reference. As long as you can prove that the irregular verb exists somewhere reliable, it will do. Do not limit yourselves to Learner’s dictionaries; any reference counts.

 

What is expected to be accomplished and submitted?

The contestants are required to make a full list of at least 25 irregular verbs (in American & British English) that start with one of the letters above. The list is expected to provide the verb, along with its simple past form(s) and past participle(s) and the reliable refrence where this verb is listed. The prize of $50 and a copy of the latest Practical English Usage will go to one of the participants that before all submit at least 25 such English irregular verbs. The irregular verbs are to be typed with their respective irregular forms.

 

Where should I send my findings?

To enter the contest, the participants are to submit their findings to info@sgolshan.com. The first person who succeeds in sending the complete list (as instructed above) will win the prize of $50 and a copy of the latest Practical English Usage.

Oops, too late!

+Speech Verbs in OALD - 50$

(+Speech Verbs in OALD)

What is the Prize & what is the Research Question?

For $50 & a copy of the latest OALD;

Which verbs are +speech according to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (OALD) 9th/10th edition? How long is a full list of these verbs in OALD?

 

What do you mean? Can you explain more?

There are verbs that are listed in OALD with the grammar code [+speech]. These verbs can be used with direct speech. When used with the direct speech, these verbs imply the concept of “saying” it in addition to their specific meaning. Take “frown”:

This is oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com entry for frown (verb). As you can see, the third bullet point goes +speech ‘I don’t understand,’ she frowned. +speech means you can use the verb frown with a statement like ‘I don’t understand’ to signify that “she said ‘I don’t understand’ while frowning.” Now the prize research is “How many of such verbs exist in OALD and what are they?”

 

Where should I look? What are the references?

This research question is limited to these references:

Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, 9th or 10th edition

www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com

To provide a comprehensive list of all +speech verbs in OALD, please search only these two sources for this prize question.

 

What is expected to be accomplished and submitted?

The contestants are required to make a complete list of all the verbs that have one (or more) +speech codes and write the respective example(s) provided by OALD. The prize of $50 & a copy of the latest OALD will go to one of the participants that before others submit ALL these verbs in OALD (with zero cases left out). The verbs are to be typed with their respective examples given by OALD. If a verb (e.g. answer) includes two +speech codes for it, both are to be reported with their examples.

Where should I send my findings?

To enter the contest, the participants are to submit their findings to info@sgolshan.com. The first person who succeeds in sending the complete list (as instructed above) will win the prize of $50 & a copy of the latest OALD/CALD.